Costa Rica Independence is on September 15, 2021, and everyone here celebrated its 200th Anniversary. That actual event occurred on September 15 1721 and Costa Rica’s government declared the actual observation for nationals take place on Monday, September 13 this year. But Costa Rica independence has been celebrated all year, culminating this month with activities like concerts, dances, parades all over the country.
Just what are we celebrating? Well, it’s a complicated history. Costa Rica was populated by indigenous peoples, but then conquered by Spain’s Christopher Columbus in 1502. He claimed the country for Guatemala as a province of Spain, and things stayed this way for 300 years. After the Mexican War of Independence, which lasted 11 years from 1810 to 1821, Costa Rica became part of Mexico, and then gained full independence as a standalone country that year. That’s what Costa Rica Independence represents.
People who live in Costa Rica also honor the many strides the country has taken to be a Democratic country, which was established as so in 1869. Here’s some of the country’s assets also celebrated:
A disputed presidential election in 1948 resulted in an armed uprising for 44 days called Costa Rican Civil War. With 2,000-plus dead, the victorious military leaders abolished the military. It’s been 73 years without an army. That’s one reason Costa Ricans are considered some of the most peaceful people in the world.
Costa Rica has a literary rate of 97.9 percent! All kindergarden, grade school, high school and public Universities are free. The higher education facilties are Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Universidad de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, National Technical University and Universidad Estatal a Distancia.
What can be better than a country that has a whole governmental department dedicated to the protection of the environment? The National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC or Sistema Nacional de Areas de Conservacion) oversees all forest, wildlife, protected areas, and river basins and water systems.