Puntarenas Costa Rica is a province located on the bottom quarter of the Nicoya Peninsula alongside the Pacific Ocean all the way to Panama, providing some of the most dazzling beaches Costa Rica offers! It borders 4 of the country’s other provinces: Alajuela, Guanacaste, Limón, and San José.
Due to the relatively extreme length Puntarenas travels from north to south, nearly all of Costa Rica’s array of climate zones can be found within the province. In the north, near Guanacaste, extreme dry seasons are experienced for nearly half of the year, and it is generally hot year round. However, for most of the province, trade winds from the Caribbean sweep across to the Pacific, which then funnel back into the land, providing moisture during typically drier
There are 14 national parks in Puntarenas Costa Rica, more than in any other province! Isla de Coco, a tiny, uninhabited island 340 miles off of Osa Peninsula’s coast in southern Costa Rica, is one of the 14 national parks. It is considered to be one of the best places to scuba dive in the world; however, people are generally not permitted on the island. A few Costa Rican Park rangers live on the island to ensure that the land is undisturbed. Famous explorer Jacques Cousteau claimed it to be “the most beautiful island in the world.” There are some popular pirate tales about the island, and cases of missing treasure. A few small hauls have been discovered, but the groves of buried treasure as spoken of in folklore have yet to be found.
A very well known spot beach town is Montezuma. Located at the very southern tip of the Nicoya Peninsula, Montezuma is abundant with spectacular, streaming waterfalls, vibrant rivers, and its peaceful, glowing beaches. The southern portion of the Nicoya Peninsula is less developed than Guanacaste in the north, so visitors have greater opportunity to find secluded beach area down in Puntarenas Costa Rica, one of the most spectacular paradises on earth! Healing arts and Yoga centers are very popular in Montezuma, drawing all sorts of people into town to experience the peaceful lifestyle. Montezuma, however, is just one of the many amazing beach locations along Puntarenas’s vast beach front!
The city of Puntarenas used to have the largest port, which was constructed in the mid-1800s, when oxen would pull carts off coffee and bananas to the ocean in order to ship. As production grew, a railroad track inland steadily grew, allowing cities as far as San José to send goods that the oxen would pick up and trek out to the port. Today, the main port of Costa Rica’s Pacific side is now Caldera. It is extremely crucial to the country’s economy, since a large portion of major cruise liners dock there, as well as commercial ships for imports and exports.
In the 1950s, a disease struck the banana plantations that lined the coast up and down the Puntarenas province. Near the town of Quepos, owners of the farms destroyed the crop and instead planted African oil palm. Today much of this land is still devoted to producing vegetable oil!
Whether it is to witness the stunning wildlife reserves, magnificent beaches, or amazing ports and plantations, Puntarenas Costa Rica is an amazing place to visit on any trip to Costa Rica!